Aiming at the Natural Equilibrium of Planet Earth Requires to Reinvent Computing
Reiner Hartenstein, IEEE fellow - http://hartenstein.de
Maintaining the natural equilibrium of the planet earth requires increasing compute capacity also to optimize all key issues given by the impact of the growing population of human beings and their activities. Already now the carbon footprint of only the internet is higher than that of the worldwide air traffic. Under the growing oil price at declining production the rapidly growing energy consumption in all areas of computing will become unaffordable, probably within less than a decade.
Growing core counts of manycore architectures are racing ahead of programming paradigms. Most applications had originally been written for a single processor and more than 50% of the applications do not scale beyond eight processor cores. The programmer population qualified for re-writing does not yet exist.
Programming research has stalled and the parallel programming wall forces us to reshape the fundamental nature of system design, programming methods and system usage. However, the evolutionary path is not addressing the key issues. Extrapolations from current methods and practices are simply inadequate. Hetero systems including reconfigurable computing promise to reduce the energy consumption of computing by at least an order of magnitude. However, for a successful transition we have to reinvent computing.
A Glimpse at the Future of Computing
Rico Malvar, Chief Scientist, Microsoft
Computing, information, and entertainment technologies evolve and change at an increasingly rapid pace. In this talk we present an overview of some of the technologies developed at Microsoft Research that push the limits of computing. Those include visualization techniques for petabytes of data, touch interfaces and body computing, speech translation, augmented reality, user sentiment analysis, streaming data processing, new wireless networking interfaces, and new tools for design and test of large-scale software.
Exploring The Sublteties Of The Quantum World: From Einstein And Schrödinger To Quantum Information
Luiz Davidovich, Instituto de Físca - Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
Quantum information is a discipline that aims to investigate methods to characterize, transmit, store, compress, and computationally utilize the information carried by quantum states. It owes its fast development in the last years to the ability, developed in several labs, of controlling and measuring simple microscopic systems, to the discovery of fast quantum algorithms, and to the recognition that Moore's law will soon lead to the single-atom limit of elementary computing gates. Cryptography and quantum computing are among the main applications. They rely on subtle and fundamental properties of the quantum world: the unavoidable disturbance associated with measurement, the superposition principle, and the counter-intuitive phenomenon of entanglement. Progress in this area is intimately connected to a deep understanding of quantum physics: recent achievements include the proposal and the experimental demonstration of teleportation, and detailed investigations of the role of the environment in the quantum-classical transition, a topic relevant to the assessment of the robustness of quantum computers. This talk will review basic concepts and recent developments in this area, emphasizing the close ties between fundamental research and possible applications.
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